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Workers Rows

 

 Extract from report by The County Medical Officer dated 1910 on the housing conditions of miners

 Compare with this other CPHS LINK

WORKERS ROWS

Coal has been worked in this parish from a remote date, and there is record of this so far back as 1650. In the year 1839 eight coal pits were at work. Ironstone was also wrought for a considerable time during last century by the Coltness Iron Company. Table 1 shows that the parish now contains four mines, which give employment to 1,106 workmen. The total number of houses in the parish is 2,129, while the number occupied by miners is 550, or about 26 per cent of the total. The population of the parish according to the census returns since 1851 was as follows:- /and by the Shotts Iron Company.

Year

1851

1861

1871

1881

1891

1901

Population

6 283

6 176

7 066

8 552

8 058

8 966

 

Shotts Iron Company, Ltd., Shotts

 

Castlehill Mine

Situated a little to the north of Carluke.

Persons employed underground, 339; above ground, 51; total 390.

 

The employees reside in the following localities:-

in mine-owners houses situated at Castlehill and at Carluke, 70

In rented houses situated at Carluke, Braidwood and Waterloo, 131

in houses owned by miners situated at Carluke, 14

 

The mine owners' houses, 95 in number, are described in groups as follows:-

 

 

Dyke Row

29 houses in four blocks, 2 slated and 2 having thatched roofs

 

The slated blocks consist of 16 houses:-

8 one apartment, rental -£5 4s

8 two apartments rental - £7 16s

 

These houses were erected about 100 years ago, but -5 years ago were reconstructed – stone built – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors – not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – kitchens good size, but rooms small.

 

Garden ground for all the houses, some cultivated – 2 wash-houses – coal cellar for each house.

 

2 privy middens with 6 seats.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with under-ground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water standpipe in front of the houses.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense

 

Thatched blocks consist of 13 houses

2 one apartment, rental, £3 9s 4d and £3 18s respectively.

10 two apartments, rental £4 11s to £5 4s, respectively.

1 three apartment, rental £7 3s

 

These houses were erected abut 100 years ago - stone built – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – some needing repair – internal surfaces of walls and ceilings not in good condition – houses fairly comfortable

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Gardens for each house – wash-houses – coal cellars the back of the dwellings, but some without doors.

 

2 privy middens with 8 seats. These are of recent construction and in good repair.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water standpipe situated in front of the houses.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners’ expense.

 

Engine Row

7 houses

1 one apartment, rental, £3 18s.

6 two apartments, rental from £5 4s to £6 1s 4ds.

 

These houses were erected about 100 years ago - stone built and thatched roof – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for every house – no special wash-house, although one of the tenants has constructed a wooden arrangement – coal cellar for each house.

 

1 privy midden with 3 seats, in good order.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drain leading to the burn.

 

Water from draw well situated 10 feet from end of row

 

Scavenged once a week at owners' expense.

 

One house was found in a dirty, insanitary state, and this was explained as due to the absence of a proper housekeeper.

Furnace Row

7 houses

1 one apartment, rental, £3 18s.

5 two apartments, rental, from £5 4s to £6 1s 4ds.

1 three apartments rental, £7 16s

 

These houses were erected at least 80 years ago - stone built – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – with the exception of one all have wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – house with stone floor said to be very damp - remaining houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for each house – no special wash-house, although one tenant had constructed a wooden arrangement – coal cellar for each house.

 

3 privy middens with 5 seats. These are of recent construction.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Water supply from a pipe which evidently is led from the burn. The tenants have the option of going to the works, a quarter of a mile distant, for a gravitation public water supply

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

Gill Row (Jocksburn) situated near the station

 

10 houses of two apartments, rental, from £5 4s .

 

 

These houses were erected about 100 years ago - stone built thatched roof – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, ventilators on the back wall, but are placed higher than the floor level – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good - houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for every house – no wash-house - coal cellars at both ends of the row, one without a door.

 

2 privy middens with 10 seats. One for each house.

 

2 wooden sinks situated in front of the rows, and connected with under-ground drainage system leading to the burn.

 

Water from a pipe leading from a closed well, situated at a short distance from the houses.

 

Scavenged at owners' expense.

 

Heather Row

7 houses

3 one apartment, rental, £3 18s.

4 two apartment, rental, £6 1s 4ds.

 

These houses were erected about 100 years ago - stone built – thatched roof – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – 4 with stone floors and 3 with wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for every house – no wash-houses – coal cellar for each house.

 

1 privy midden with 4 seats, brick built, in bad repair, - roof being almost wholly off.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with drains leading to the burn.

 

Water supply from a well situated near the burn and lower than the houses.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

Honeybank Row

3 houses

1 one apartment.

2 two apartments.

 

These houses were erected about 100 years ago - stone built, thatched roof – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – stone floors - wood ceiling – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good - houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

2 privy middens with 2 seats, one of them being brick built and of old construction.

 

Garden for every house – no wash-houses – coal cellars

 

2 privy middens (with 2 seats), one of them being brick built and of old construction.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water supply from standpipe opposite side of main road

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

Lochknowe Row

2 houses

 

2 two apartments, rental, from £4 11s

 

Stone built – slated roof - no damp-proof course.

 

Garden for every house.

 

Stable Row

3 houses

1 one apartment, rental, £3 18s.

1 two apartments, rental, £6 1s 4ds.

1 three apartments rental, £7 7s 4d

 

These houses were originally built for stables, but have since been converted into dwelling-houses - stone and lime built and slate roof – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for every house – 2 wash-houses, boiler in each, but no water – coal cellar for each house.

 

2 privy middens with 2 seats.

 

One sink situated at standpipe in front of the houses – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water, standpipe situated in front of the houses.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

WeighhouseRow

23 houses

7 one apartment, rental, £5 4s.

16 two apartments (1 used as mission house), rental £7 16s.

 

These houses were originally erected about 100 years ago - stone and lime built, thatched roof – five years ago a slate roof was put on - no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for every house – 2 wash-houses, with boiler, but no water – coal cellar for each house.

 

2 privy middens with 8 seats. These are of recent construction and in good repair.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water supply from standpipe

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

Other houses owned by the company are storeman's house, manager's house, railway agent's house, and clerk's house, these being 2 three apartments and 2 four apartments, rental varying from £6 to £8 8s. - stone and lime built – in good repair

 

All of these houses are in open country on the outskirts of Carluke, and rentals include occupiers' rates and taxes

Castlehill Bridge Row

3 houses, rented by miners – owner lives in a fourth house.

 

These houses were erected about 60 years ago - stone and lime built, slate roof – - no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for every house – 1 wash-house at end of row, with gravitation water and boiler – coal cellar for each house.

 

1 privy midden with 2 seats.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water in wash house.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

Wilsons & Clyde Coal Cc., Ltd., 75 Bothwell Street, Glasgow.

 

Brownlee Mine Situated near Law

 

Persons employed

underground, 97; above ground 21; Total 18

 

The employees reside in the following localities:-

In mine-owners' houses situated at Law, 24;

In rented houses situated at Law, Overtown, Waterloo, Wishaw, and Carluke, 87;

In houses owned by miners situated at Law, 7

Law Mine Situated near Law

 

Persons employed

underground, 190; above ground 36; Total 226

 

The employees reside in the following localities:-

In mine-owners' houses situated at Law, 36;

In rented houses situated at Law, Overtown, Waterloo, Wishaw, and Carluke, 163;

In houses owned by miners situated at Law and Carluke 27

Shawfield Mine Situated near Law

 

Persons employed

underground, 297; above ground 75; Total 372

 

The employees reside in the following localities:-

In mine-owners' houses situated at Law, 92;

In rented houses situated at Law, Overtown, Waterloo, Wishaw, and Carluke, 246;

In houses owned by miners situated at Law, 34

 

The mine owners' houses, 106 in number, may be described in groups as follow:-

 

Wilson Row, situated at Law comprises 2 rows of single storey dwellings.

One with 25 one apartment, rental, £4 15s.4d.

One with 25 two apartments, rental, £6 14s.4d.

All the rentals include rates and taxes

 

These houses were erected about 36 years ago – stone built – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – the houses look comfortable, and are in a good state of repair.

 

No overcrowding.

 

Garden for each house in front, cultivated – no common wash-house – each house has a coal cellar

 

Privy for each house – 3 common ashpits.

 

No slop sinks, but surface openings connected with underground drains, which join the sewerage system of the special district.

 

Gravitation water at standpipes placed near the public road at intervals. Rainwater is also caught and stored in barrels, there being one for every house. The collection of rainwater is due to the fact the gravitation water is somewhat hard.

 

Scavenging is regularly carried out at the owners' expense, the privies being cleaned once a day, and the ashpits emptied at least once a week.

 

Thornton Row

22 houses

12 one apartment, rental, £3 9s.4d.

8 two apartments, rental £5 8s. 4d.

2 three apartments, rental, £11 18s. 4d.

 

These houses were erected about 40 years ago - brick built – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

Garden for almost every house – no special wash-houses, although some tenants seem to have constructed a wooden arrangement – coal cellars at the back of the dwellings.

 

3 privy middens with 7 seats at the rear of the dwellings. These are of recent construction and in good order.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with underground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water supply from standpipe situated in front of the houses. One standpipe situated about the middle of the row.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

Whorleyburn Situated near Carluke

34 back-to-back houses, in three blocks

20 one apartment, rental, £3 9s. 4d.

14 two apartments, rental, from £4 19s. 8d. to £5 17s.

13 houses are empty – 8 one apartment and 5 two apartments.

 

The owners are contemplating pulling them down, and for that purpose are closing up each house as it becomes vacant

 

These houses were originally erected about 35 years ago - brick built, no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and ceilings generally good – houses fairly comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – one apartment houses good size, but in the two-apartment houses one of the rooms is small.

 

Garden for each house – no wash-house – no coal cellars.

 

No sanitary convenience – no ashpit.

 

No sinks – surface channels.

 

Gravitation water standpipe in front of the houses.

 

Scavenged once a week at the owners' expense.

 

House privately owned and rented by miners working with Wilsons and Clyde Coal Cc. - Woodlands Square Carluke. - consists of 26 houses:-

8 one apartment, rental, £3 18s.

18 two apartments, rental, £5 17s.

12 are back-to-back houses (8 one apartment and 4 two apartments).

 

These houses were erected about 40 years ago - brick built – no damp-proof course – plastered on solid walls – wood floors, not ventilated – internal surface of walls and a ceilings generally good. - houses comfortable.

 

No overcrowding – apartments good size.

 

No gardens – no wash-houses – coal cellar for each house.

 

2 privy middens with 8 seats. These are not kept in a cleanly state.

 

No sinks – surface channels connected with under-ground drainage system.

 

Gravitation water standpipes situated near the main road. Rainwater is also caught and stored in barrels, one for each house.

 

Scavenged at owners' expense, but not regularly done

 

 

 

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Created before 2012